Non-gonococcal urethritis is a sexually transmitted disease, which is a urethritis infection in men through sexual contact.
Non-gonococcal Urethritis refers to urethritis caused by venereal pathogens other than gonococcus, mainly Chlamydia trachomatis and Mycoplasma, others are Trichomonas, herpes virus, Candida, etc. Common symptoms include: urethral itching, frequent urination, and dysuria, but the symptoms are generally milder than those of gonococcal urethritis. In addition, some mild symptoms can also be caused by non-venereal urethritis, and its symptoms are similar to those of non-gonococcal urethritis.
Causes of non-gonococcal urethritis
Non-gonococcal urethritis is a urethritis of multiple etiologies. Most of them are related to Chlamydia trachomatis (30%-50%), followed by Ureaplasma urealyticum infection (20%-30%), about 10% are caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida albicans, herpes simplex virus, Mycoplasma genitalium, etc.
Complications of non-gonococcal urethritis
Non-gonococcal urethritis also recurs after recovery. Triggers include excessive friction during sex or masturbation, or drinking too much alcohol.
Although other serious illnesses due to non-gonococcal urethritis are rare, if untreated or not properly treated, complications can include:
- Testicular inflammation
- reduced fertility
- Non-gonococcal ophthalmia, arthritis and urethritis syndrome
Practice safe sex is the best way to reduce your risk of developing non-gonococcal urethritis:
- Have an exclusive sexual relationship with an uninfected partner.
- Use condoms correctly.
How to know if you have non-gonococcal urethritis
You should be examined by a doctor. A doctor will swab the urethra or collect a urine sample to make a diagnosis.
Transmission of non-gonococcal urethritis
It is usually transmitted through sexual contact, such as having unsafe sex (oral, sexual or anal sex) or sharing sex toys. It is worth mentioning that non-gonococcal pathogens can also infect the oral cavity through wounds or mucous membranes of the oral cavity, so non-gonococcal urethritis may also be infected during oral sex.
Common symptoms of non-gonococcal urethritis
The general symptoms are burning, itching or tingling in the urethra, accompanied by frequent urination, but the symptoms are milder than those of gonococcal urethritis. However, some infected people may have no symptoms or only a small amount of discharge, and the discharge may only appear after a long period of no urination or before getting up in the morning.
Non-gonococcal and gonococcal urethritis dual infection
Patients with non-gonococcal urethritis may also have a gonorrhea infection . After these patients were infected with gonorrhea, after regular treatment, the symptoms of gonorrhea were significantly relieved, and the laboratory test was negative for gonococcus, but there was still a small amount of mucopurulent secretion from the urethral opening every day, and the urethra was mildly irritated and painful. This condition is most likely due to co-infection of gonorrhea and non-gonococcal urethritis. When you have gonorrhea, the symptoms are obvious and mask the symptoms of non-gonococcal urethritis. After the gonorrhea is cured, the symptoms of non-gonococcal urethritis are obvious.
Tests for non-gonococcal urethritis
Infection can be confirmed by DNA testing for non-gonococcal pathogens in urine samples or rectal/throat cell swab samples, usually depending on where the infected person is suspected of being infected.
Treatment of non-gonococcal urethritis
Antibiotics can be used to treat non-gonococcal urethritis. Patients must take all medications prescribed by their doctor to effectively cure non-gonococcal urethritis. In addition, infected sexual partners should also be treated at the same time, otherwise, you may become infected again. You and your sexual partner should refrain from any sexual contact during treatment until both of you have completed all medication courses and are confirmed to have recovered before returning to sexual activity.
To ensure a complete cure for the disease, you will still need to receive follow-up examinations from your doctor or clinic after recovery. Although the symptoms of non-gonococcal urethritis are not very obvious, if not treated in time, there is a risk of complications over time. Therefore, you should go to a reputable medical center for diagnosis and treatment in time. Tell your doctor all your medical history and don’t overuse antibiotics yourself to avoid delaying treatment. As long as you cooperate with your doctor, non-gonococcal urethritis can be cured. Due to the long growth cycle of chlamydia and the longer administration time, and non-gonococcal urethritis is easily mixed with other pathogens, broad-spectrum antibiotics are used for treatment, and continuous and uninterrupted medication is required. Medication should be regular and sufficient in order to be completely cured and for more details contact us.
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